Hebrew (official) 

Time zone:

IRST (UTC+3:30) 


230V 50Hz 


1,648,195 km2 


82,800,000 (2016 estimate) 


Rial (ریال) (IRR) 


Islam (Shia) 


Islamic Republic 

Phone code:


Iran's flag Flag of Iran
Iran , also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a sovereign state in Western Asia.It is bordered to the northwest by Armenia, the de facto Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, and Azerbaijan; to the north by the Caspian Sea; to the northeast by Turkmenistan; to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan; to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman; and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 18th-largest in the world. With 82.8 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 17th-most-populous country.It is the only country with both a Caspian Sea and an Indian Ocean coastline. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, make it of great geostrategic importance.[18] Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center.