Heraklion is the capital of Crete the largest of the Greek Islands. The archeological museum has remains of the Minoan civilization that are over 3,000 years old. The majority of the city remains enclosed behind a centuries-old Venetian wall. The climate is dry and hot in the summer boasts eternal sunshine with seasonal sea breezes that help lower the heat. Winters are mild with very little rain and the rare frost.
The Minoan Palace of Knossos is the most complete palace complex on Crete. The Koules is a Venetian castle located in the harbor. Other sites are St. Minas Cathedral, Morosini Fountain, St. Mark's Basilica, St. Titus Church and St. Peter's Dominican Church. There are a number of galleries and museums to visit. The city hosts a number of festivals, has a great beach area that is over three kilometers long, a number of hotels, cafes, bars and restaurants. One exciting activity offered among others is horseback riding on the beach along with a number of water parks.